allah is with the oppressed quran

Therefore Strike Off Their Heads'. 632A. The verse refers to hypocrites or the internal enemies of Islam and mentions their two prominent traits. 88 Lit., “he”. 90 Thus the Qur’an implies that “evil” is not an independent, esoteric factor of life, but rather a result of man’s succumbing to the temptations arising from his own moral weakness and thereby “denying the truth”. And he who fights in the cause of Allah and is killed or achieves victory – We will bestow upon him a great reward. PLEASE help spread the word by sharing our articles on your favourite social networks. Muslims must live in accordance with Islam in the Constitution of Medina. The impure is turned aside by Allah and the pure is selected so that Allah may honour them with His favours which the sincere believers only deserve. The problem of war as such arises from the principles of ideological statehood postulated in verse 59 of this surah. Abu Hurayrah narrated that a man once badmouthed Abu Bakr while the Prophet was sitting with them, and the Prophet expressed wonder and smiled. I bear witness that there is no god but Allah alone who has no partner and that Muhammad is His Servant and Messenger. If only You had postponed [it for] us for a short time.” Say, The enjoyment of this world is little, and the Hereafter is better for he who fears God. The Clear Quran, Dr. Mustafa Khattab When the angels seize the souls of those who have wronged themselves—scolding them, “What do you think you were doing?” they will reply, “We were oppressed in the land.” The angels will respond, “Was Allah’s earth not spacious enough for you to emigrate?” They only fought in self-defence in order to protect their religion and save their weaker co-religionists. Al-Thubah means, a company or body of men; a distinct body or company of men; a troop of horsemen (Lane). Shadaab Rahemtullah's book Qur'an of the Oppressed: Liberation Theology and Gender Justice in Islam (Oxford University Press, 2017) offers a compelling comparative analysis of the works of four Muslim scholars of Islam – Asghar Ali Engineer, Farid Esack, Amina Wadud, and Asma Barlas. “630. The only exception to this is when the person being supplicated against is a disbeliever, in which case he may do so. It has three levels of degree: religion, family, and humanity. And whoever avenges himself after having been wronged - those have not upon them any cause [for blame]. 632. 4:74 Speaks about those who fight in the cause of God for defending the persecuted, 1400 years ago, will achieve victory. They are by no means incapable, weak or humiliated, and they are quite capable of exacting revenge, yet they forgive and forget. They will say, "We were oppressed in the land." Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Bring us out of this town whose people are oppressors; and appoint for us from You a protector, and appoint for us from You a helper?” I seek you for Allah's sake but you seek me for your own benefits. May Allah protect Women in all cases. 4:74 So let those fight in the cause of Allah who sell the life of this world for the Hereafter. First: Taking revenging from the oppressor. [2] The Message of The Quran translated and explained by Muhammad Asad, page 181 – 182 All the Muslims who feared Allah were to live according to the rules of Islam. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. 631. But then when fighting was ordained for them, at once a party of them feared men as they fear God or with [even] greater fear. However, the one who sought vengeance will agonise and think to himself: "Did I transgress? (Al-An’am 6: 18) and also says: {The Day when they will (all) come out, nothing of them will be hidden from Allah. In the name of Allah, the Gracious, the Merciful. If the wronged person is one of two wives, it is permissible for the husband to enable the wronged one to gain revenge, as the Prophet permitted, one of his wives to get back at another one who had badmouthed her. Uthman Ibn Affan He is Abu Abdillah, Uthman Ibn Affan Ibn al-Ash bin Umayyah Ibn Abdi Syams Ibn Abdi Manaf.His pedigree meets the pedigree of the Prophet -peace and prayer of Allah be upon him- on his fourth grandfather, Abdu Manaf. ” [1], “87 Lit., “and then go forth, [be it] in small detachments or all together”- the latter expression applying to what nowadays is called “total war”. Say, " Allah gives you a ruling about them and [about] what has been recited to you in the Book concerning the orphan girls to whom you do not give what is decreed for them - and [yet] you desire to marry them - and concerning the oppressed among children and that you maintain for orphans [their rights] in justice." This is how Prophet Yoosuf acted with his brothers despite his ability to take revenge from them. The problem of war as such arises from the principles of ideological statehood postulated in verse 59 of this surah. 631. The word extends to all kinds of precautions and preparations necessary for defence, and has been understood to include the putting on of weapons of defence. From the verse it hints that there was imminent danger for such verse to be revealed telling them to go in small groups, or all together. ”. The verse is a clear proof of the fact that Muslims never started hostilities. And what (is wrong) with you that you don’t fight in the Way of Allah (to help) the weak (and oppressed) among men, women, and children, who say: “Our Lord! By Allah, a lad from the Banu Thaqeef, who is haughty and proud, shall be empowered over you. ( Log Out /  God says in the Quran:{And He (Allah) is Al-Qahir (the Irresistible Subduer) over His slaves, and He is The All-Wise, the All-Aware.} 89 Lit., “what is amiss with you that you do not fight” – implying that they have no moral excuse for such a refusal. The last two verses [42-43] of Chapter Ash-Shooraa' which were mentioned above and which mean: “The cause is only against the ones who wrong the people and tyrannies upon the earth without right. Therefore, the believers fight in obedience to Allah and to gain His pleasure, while the disbelievers fight in obedience to Shaytan. Islam is an Abrahamic religion, which believes in a single eternal diety, Allah and the finality of the prophethood of Muhammad (PBUH). Quran 3:28 Not To Take Non-Believers As Friends? 89 Lit., “what is amiss with you that you do not fight” – implying that they have no moral excuse for such a refusal. King David’s Marriage To 12 Year Old Abishag - Bible. Brotherhood in Islam is a comprehensive concept that is based upon good character with others, treating others the way we want to be treated, and uniting together upon common values. There are many Quranic verses and prophetic narrations addressing this issue and encouraging the oppressed to forgive the oppressor when he is in a position to exact revenge, as this will boost his record of rewards on the Day of Resurrection. But the Quran in no way condones abusive behavior from any person, especially not to a vulnerable person such as a child. 4:75 And what is [the matter] with you that you fight not in the cause of God and [for] the oppressed among men, women, and children who say, “Our Lord, take us out of this city of oppressive people and appoint for us from Yourself a protector and appoint for us from Yourself a helper?”. He badmouthed me while you were sitting there! In summary, Allah Subhana Wa Ta’ala judges you with how much effort you’ve put in and not by how much you achieved out of those efforts. Rescue us from this town), referring to Makkah. “God commands justice and fair dealing…” [Quran, 16:90] In this verse, Allah directly commands Muslims to be just and deal fairly – as believers, we must consistently be aware that these values are an integral part of our faith. And what was the situation of the young boy who was a believer when he was taken to be thrown off the top of a mountain? If he says, `I cannot bring myself to forgive him and would rather utilise the right granted to me by my Lord to avenge` then say to him: `If you can limit yourself to avenging in a fair manner, without transgressing the limits to which you were wronged, then proceed; but if you cannot control yourself, then it is safer to return to the option of forgiving him as the reward for the one who forgives is great with Allah.”, The one who forgives can sleep at night in a relaxed manner with no fear that he may have exceeded the extent to which he was wronged, because he did not avenge at all. The camp of Satan is to spread evil, corruption, and misery on earth. “87 Lit., “and then go forth, [be it] in small detachments or all together”- the latter expression applying to what nowadays is called “total war”. : 4.74 - 4:75 Islam allows war in self-defense (Quran 22:39), to defend Islam (rather than to spread it), to protect those who have been removed from their homes by force because they are Muslims (Quran 22:40), and to protect the innocent who are being oppressed (Quran 4:75). Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. In a similar Ayah, Allah said, (And many a town, stronger than your town which has driven you out) Allah then describes this town, (whose people are oppressors; and raise for us from You one who will protect, and raise for us from You one who will help) meaning, send protectors and helpers for us. The victory here is that the person will be rewarded with Paradise which he shall abide in forever. “Those who believe fight in the cause of Allah…” – Quran 4:76. The oppressed or mazlūm is one whose rights have been taken away. Islam is against all forms of racism, bigotry, and injustice. Shadaab Rahemtulla’s lucid and well-documented Qur’an of the Oppressed analyses the hermeneutical strategies employed by four modern, university-educated Muslim intellectuals—writing in English—to interpret the Qur’an, a seventh-century text, as a liberating text confronting the reality of oppression today. exceed the extent to which he was wronged).” This means that whatever they say to one another will all go into the record of the one who initiated, as he was the cause of all of it, but if the wronged person retaliates with more than what he was wronged with, then this is a sin on his part which the other person will not bear. Similarly, they could not give an oppressor a free hand. 634. It is all right to help him if he is oppressed, but how should we help him if he is an oppressor?" In reality they feared the enemy more than God. Since the Muslims are expected to organize their communal life within the framework of a state based on the ideological premises laid down in the Qur’an, they must be prepared for hostility on the part of groups or nations opposed to the world-view and the social system of Islam and, conceivably, bent on its destruction: consequently, the concept of a defensive war in God’s cause jihad) plays a very prominent role in the socio-political scheme of Islam and is frequently alluded to throughout the Qur’an. O Allah, the new year has begun. The verse refers to a class of men who show eagerness to fight when they are told not to fight, but when the actual time for fighting arrives, they refuse to fight or try to avoid it by various pretexts, thus showing that their former eagerness for fighting was either insincere or was due to temporary excitement. It was the responsibility of the community to fight and help the oppressed. [3] Tafsir Ibn Kathir http://www.alim.org/library/quran/AlQuran-tafsir/TIK/4/75, Click to access The_Message_of_The_Quran__by_Muhammad_Asad.pdf, Tagged as: Islam, KILL, Koran, Persecution, Quran, war. Allah then encourages the believers to fight His enemies". In the last verse (4:77), it speaks about those Muslims who used to make up excuses in not defending the Muslims, 1400 years ago. ( Log Out /  Allah then encourages the believers to fight His enemies, (So fight against the friends of Shaytan; ever feeble indeed is the plot of Shaytan).” [3]. And whoever is patient and forgives - indeed, that is of the matters [requiring] determination [i.e. People have the right to be protected in their lives, wealth, and freedom. And whoever responds [to injustice] with the equivalent of that with which he was harmed and then is oppressed – Allah will surely aid him.} 4:72 And indeed, there is among you he who lingers behind; and if disaster strikes you, he says,” Allah has favored me in that I was not present with them.”. The Prophet said, "By preventing him from oppressing others." 4:76 Those who believe fight in the cause of God, and those who disbelieve fight in the cause of Taghut. May Allah enlighten us all with the true teachings of Islam and restore peace and happiness to all homes and families. The verse refers to hypocrites or the internal enemies of Islam and mentions their two prominent traits. Of the great sins which Allah forbade His Servants to do and fixed a certain punishment for them in this world and in the Hereafter is oppression. Likewise, the Prophet forgave the man who attempted to kill him whilst he slept; the man was suddenly overcome with fear of the Prophet and therefore dropped the sword from his hand, and the Prophet took hold of it and forgave him, even though he could easily have killed him. Al-Fudhayl Ibn ‘Iyadh said: “If a man comes to you complaining about another man who wronged him, then advise him to forgive him. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. 3. [1] The Holy Qur’an – Arabic Text With English Translation & Short Commentary By Malik Ghulam Farid, Page 204 – 205 Here we are told, questions those why shouldn’t they fight when they have been oppressed and continually persecuted? In sum, Allah will always answer the supplication of the oppressed even if the oppressed person is an unbeliever or sinner. Promise of Allah to oppressors and the oppressed #WeRemember. Examining Quran 9:29 - Does Islam Sanction The Killing Of Christians & Jews? The words also mean, what is the matter with you that you fight not. ( Log Out /  He would eat away your vegetation and melt away your fat…”23. For the oppressed and the distressed person the response to his supplication becomes more forceful and likely due to the complete and perfect emptying of the heart for Allah the Exalted. The permissibility of the oppressed taking what was taken from him by his oppressor if he finds it: It is permissible for the oppressed to do this, and it is also permissible for him to take something of the same value of the oppressor’s property, but he may not go beyond that. Age of Consent in European & American History. Here are three matters, all of which are true: Whenever a man is oppressed but forgives for the sake of Allah the Most High and the Almighty, then Allah will honour him with victory…” [Ahmad], By Dr. ‘Abdul Kareem Bakkaar The greatness of a person, my sons and daughters, lies in the greatness of what he believes in, what he is willing to sacrifice for, and what he defends. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Quran 4:75 And what is [the matter] with you that you fight not in the cause of Allah and [for] the oppressed among men, women, and children who say, "Our Lord, take us out of this city of oppressive people and appoint for us from Yourself a protector and appoint for us from Yourself a helper?" In Quran 4:75 we have explicit statement that the fighting in God’s cause was in defence of the persecuted, men, women and children who have been oppressed by tyrants just for their beliefs. Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah’s Apostle SAW said, “ Whoever has oppressed another person concerning his reputation or anything else, he should beg him to forgive him before the Day of Resurrection when there will be no money (to compensate for wrong deeds), but if he has good deeds, those good deeds will be taken from him according to his oppression which he has done, and if he has no good deeds, the sins … Since the Muslims are expected to organize their communal life within the framework of a state based on the ideological premises laid down in the Qur’an, they must be prepared for hostility on the part of groups or nations opposed to the world-view and the social system of Islam and, conceivably, bent on its destruction: consequently, the concept of a defensive war in God’s cause jihad) plays a very prominent role in the socio-political scheme of Islam and is frequently alluded to throughout the Qur’an. Learn how your comment data is processed. on the part of those seeking the reward of Allah].” [Quran 42: 39-43]. The best of all of these is to forgive and to do so would attain the greatest reward from Allah in the Hereafter. Islam emphasizes on: distancing from any type of oppression, a complete lack of cooperation with the oppressor, and assisting the oppressed. The verses you mention are the following: > Indeed, those whom the angels take [in death] while wronging themselves - [the angels] will say, "In what [condition] were you?" So fight against the allies of Satan. The cause is only against the ones who wrong the people and tyrannise upon the earth without right. The Quran, the holy book of Islam contains verses believed by Muslims to be revealed to the Islamic prophet Muhammad at different times and under different circumstances – some exhorting violence against enemies and others urging restraint and conciliation. This is why Allah said, (whose cry is: “Our Lord! Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. The supplication of the oppressed against the oppressor: It is permissible for the oppressed to supplicate against the one who transgressed his rights, and this is a form of revenge. Bible: Child Marriage in Ancient Israelite times – Paedophilia? Those will have a painful punishment. Al-Bukhari recorded that Ibn `Abbas said, “I and my mother were from the oppressed (in Makkah).” Allah then said, (Those who believe, fight in the cause of Allah, and those who disbelieve, fight in the cause of the Taghut.) The supplication of the oppressed against the oppressor: It is permissible for the oppressed to supplicate against the one who transgressed his rights, and this is a form of revenge. In 4:76 we are told that there are two camps, one is fighting in God’s cause in defending humans from being oppressed and the other is fighting for satan. O' people! Justice is a tool to maintain balance Hidhr means, caution or precaution; vigilance; guard; state of preparation; or of fear (Lane). About Hajjaj ibn Yusuf ath-Thaqafi, Imam Ali (AS) has said: “Beware! The position of the oppressed in relation to the oppressor: Allah Says (what means): “And those who, when tyranny strikes them, they defend themselves. Allah in these verses has impressed on the Muslims that trial is the touchstone by which the pure and the impure are judged. Hidhr means, caution or precaution; vigilance; guard; state of preparation; or of fear (Lane). Click to access The_Message_of_The_Quran__by_Muhammad_Asad.pdf All rights reserved. support me despite your heart's desires. Allah praises the believers in the abovementioned verses for having the strength and power to avenge in a just manner, for restoring their rights, and for not allowing aggressors to take advantage of them. The term hidhr connotes not merely an effort to guard oneself against imminent danger but also the making of all necessary preparations with regard to (in this context) military organization, equipment, etc. Ibraheem said: “The believers hated anyone to humiliate them, but whenever they had the chance to take revenge, they would forgive instead.”. In public discourse, there are two images of Maulana Abdul Hamid Khan Bhashani: "Green Maulana" and "Red Maulana". Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Our Non-Muslim Relatives: Their Rights Upon us, Graciously Overlooking People’s Faults and the Morals of the Noble. We learn this both from the words of Allah mentioned in the Quran and in the messages of the Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of… In a sense, it is important for oppressed people generally to fight their oppression. Change ). Second: Forgiveness on the part of the oppressed. Al-Thubah means, a company or body of men; a distinct body or company of men; a troop of horsemen (Lane). Abu Bakr said: ‘O Messenger of Allah! The fact that most people have to be told to refrain from violence is contrasted, in the next sentence, with the unwillingness on the part of many of them to expose themselves to physical danger in a righteous cause.” [2], “…Allah encouraged His believing servants to perform Jihad in His cause and to strive hard to save the oppressed Muslims in Makkah, men, women and children who were restless because of having to remain there. People asked, "O Allah's Apostle! Islam also teaches that women have a right to choose their marriage partner and cannot be forced into matrimony. By Allah, I will take revenge for the oppressed from the oppressor and will put a string in the nose of the oppressor and drag him to the spring of … On the other hand, if the oppressed insists on revenge then this is his right and it is perfectly permissible to do so, but the revenge must be strictly limited to the extent that he was wronged. ( Log Out /  It is all right to help him if he is oppressed, but how should we help him if he is an oppressor?" Here we are told, questions those why shouldn’t they fight when they have been oppressed and continually persecuted? 632A. “630. In other words, the “power” of the negative principle symbolized by Satan has no intrinsic reality (“Satan’s guile is weak indeed”): it becomes real only through man’s wilfully choosing a wrong course of action. If we fail to fulfill their rights, then we have surrendered our fate to their supplication. 633. Those will have a painful punishment. The wronged person has the choice to avenge, to supplicate against the one who wronged him, to persevere and wait until Allah returns his right for him in the Hereafter, or to forgive. People asked, "O Allah's Apostle (SAW)! 4:77 Have you not seen those who were told, “Restrain your hands [from fighting] and establish prayer and give zakah”? The words also mean, what is the matter with you that you fight not. 634. Indeed, the plot of Satan has ever been weak. And whoever is patient and forgives - indeed, that is of the matters [requiring] determination [on the part of those seeking the reward of Allah]” [Quran 26: 42-43] These verses confirm that the blame lies with the one who initiated the oppression and transgression, while the one who perseveres through it, is doing something praiseworthy, and will be highly rewarded. Did I go beyond my limit?". Along the same lines, one should not supplicate against the one who wronged him with that which would neither yield benefit to him nor help him retrieve his rights that were taken; it is better for him to simply supplicate to Allah for his rights being returned. Forgiving is a high rank which the callers to Islam should possess as it is a rank that only those with a high status attain, and they are the ones whom people take as examples to follow. In Quran’s almost every chapter, there is a purpose of why Allaah Subhana Wa tala has mentioned the story of Prophet Musa Alehis Salam and … In other words, the “power” of the negative principle symbolized by Satan has no intrinsic reality (“Satan’s guile is weak indeed”): it becomes real only through man’s wilfully choosing a wrong course of action. Deceptive critics of Islam quote first part of Q 4:74 and beginning of Q 4:76-77, and show people who have no knowledge about Islam, that Muslims are encouraged in the Quran to wage violence against unbelievers. The term hidhr connotes not merely an effort to guard oneself against imminent danger but also the making of all necessary preparations with regard to (in this context) military organization, equipment, etc. And injustice will not be done to you, [even] as much as a thread [inside a date seed].”. The Messenger of Allah (S) remarks, “One who prays for the long life of an oppressor is as if he likes the opposition of Allah on the Earth.” 3 There is an interesting incident in the book Rawzātul Jannat concerning the author of Maqasikul Ahkam, Sayyid Muhammad. Indeed, He does not like wrongdoers. Allah's Apostle (SAW) said, "Help your brother, whether he is an oppressor or he is an oppressed one. Justice is a universal right for all people in Islam. Copyright © IslamWeb 2021. Why did you become upset and leave when I answered back to some of what he had said?’ The Prophet said: “You had an angel retorting on your behalf (when you were silent), but when you began answering him back (i.e., the man), Satan arrived, and I was not going to sit in the presence of Satan.” Then he said: “O Abu Bakr! In Quran 4:75 we have explicit statement that the fighting in God’s cause was in defence of the persecuted, men, women and children who have been oppressed by tyrants just for their beliefs. – Baseera Project, Benjamin Tudela’s Description Of Jews In 12th Century Baghdad, The Shocking Truth About Bathsheba’s Marriage to David in the Bible, Our Christian Brothers Must Root Out The Extremists In Their Midst, Analysing The Incident Of Sa’d b. 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Similarly, if someone was badmouthed, then he may badmouth the one who badmouthed him but may not say more than what was said to him, or else he is a sinner, as the Prophet said: “Whatever two people say (from ill words) then both their sins lie with one who initiated, as long as the wronged does not transgress (i.e. The word extends to all kinds of precautions and preparations necessary for defence, and has been understood to include the putting on of weapons of defence. The verse refers to a class of men who show eagerness to fight when they are told not to fight, but when the actual time for fighting arrives, they refuse to fight or try to avoid it by various pretexts, thus showing that their former eagerness for fighting was either insincere or was due to temporary excitement. The Prophet (SAW) said, "By preventing him from oppressing others." When Hajjaj became dominant, he oppressed the good and the bad. So we can see from the Quran verses about marriage that Islam protects Women from negative aspects of marriage.

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